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三问洞庭湖高洪

发布时间: 2021-08-06 信息来源:BG真人 【字体:

洞庭湖城陵矶水位超警戒已逾1个月,期间洪峰水位达到34.74米的高度——

三问洞庭湖高洪

hunanribao·xinhunankehuduanshouxijizhe liuyong

BG真人8yue5ri18shi,dongtinghukongzhizhanchenglingjishuiweihuanmanhuiluodao33.5mi,danrengchaoguojingjieshuiwei(32.5mi)zhengzheng1mi。

BG真人zhici,chenglingjizhanjinnianyiweichichaojingjieshuiwei32tian,qijianhailiangcichaoguobaozhengshuiwei(34.55mi)。shengshuiwenshuiziyuankancezhongxingenjudangqianqingkuangyuce,chenglingjizhanshuiweituizhijingjiexianyixiahaixuyao5tianzuoyoudeshijian。

juxi,zi2000nianyilai,jinnianchenglingjizhanlianxuchaojingshizhangyiwenjudiyiwei,chaoguole2016niande27tian。

shuiweichaojingchixushijianzhang,hongfengshuiweigaoduyeburongxiaoqu。shuiwencebaoxianshi,7yue28ri13shi,chenglingjizhanchuxianhongfengshuiwei34.74mi。zheishigaizhanzi2000nianyilaidediergaohong,jinciyu2002nian8yue24ride34.91mi。

BG真人zhongsuozhouzhi,zhangjiangsankoulaishuihexiangziyuanlisishuihuijidongtinghuzhihou,zaijingchenglingjiyikouliuxiangzhangjiang。chenglingjizhanshuiweizhangshijianchaojing,yiweizhezhenggedongtinghuzhangshijianchuyugaohongzhuangtai。jinniandezheizhongzhuangtaichengyinhezai?zheizhongzhuangtaixiadedongtinghufangxunxingshiruhe?

一问: 洪水为何这么高

jinniandedongtinghuhongshui,xiangguanzhibiaozaizuijin20niannei“shuyishuer”,weihehuichuxianzheizhongqingkuang?

BG真人shengshuiwenshuiziyuankancezhongxinzhurenguoshiminshuo,ruhulaishuijiaoda、hongshuichuhubuchang,daozhidongtinghujinnianchuxianzhangshijiangaohongshuiwei。

BG真人zhangjianglaishuiruhuliuliangda。jinnian6yue28riyilai,zhangjiangshangyouxianhouxingchenglesanciliuliangchaoguo50000lifangmimeimiaodebianhaohongshui,sanxiashuikuyu7yue2ri、7yue18ri、7yue27rifenbiexingcheng53000、61000、60000lifangmimeimiaoderukuhongfeng。weicuofengbuchangdiaodu,tongguoshangyoushuikuqundequanlilanxuhou,zhangjiangganliuhongshuijingyousongzikou、taipingkou、ouchikourudongtinghuzongshuiliangrengyou270yilifangmiyishang,dayuexiangdangyu1.57gedongtinghu(chenglingjizhanshuiwei33.5mishi)deshuiliang。

guoshiminjieshao: “jianceshujuxianshi,7yue24rizheitianzhangjiangsankoulaishuizuida。dangridongtinghuderuhuhechengliuliangwei23000lifangmimeimiao。qizhong,xiangziyuanlisishuiruhu10000lifangmimeimiao,zhangjiangsankouruhu12000lifangmimeimiao,sankouchaoguolesishui。erzaipingchangmeifahongshuishi,sishuiruhuliuliangyuandayusankou,sankoupingjunruhuliuliangjinwei2500lifangmimeimiao。”

BG真人xiangziyuanlisishuiruhuliuliangyejiaoda。zi4yue1riruxunzhi7yue27ri,woshengjinnianjiangyujiaochangnianpianduo4%,kansibijiaozhengchang,dan7yue1rizhi7yue27rijiaochangnianpianduo46.4%。yezhengshizaizheigejiangyuyichangpianduoshiqideqianhou,dongtinghuliuyufenbiezai6yue28rizhi7yue10ri、7yue17rizhi7yue20ri、7yue26rizhi7yue28rifashengsanciqiangjiangyuguocheng,daozhizishui、yuanshui、lishuifashengjiaodahongshui,jiashangxiangjiangyeyoushaolianghongshui,sishuihongshuizongliangchaoguo380yilifangmi。

“zishuiliuyudezhexishuikuzhitaojiangqujian,7yue26ri20shizhi27ri11shifashengqiangjiangyu,qujianhongfengliuliangyuewei7600lifangmimeimiao,yu2017nianqujianzuidaliuliangxiangdang,paizaigaiquyuyouziliaojizaiyilaidedierwei。”guoshiminshuo。

dongtinghuhongshuichuhubuchang。zai6yue28riyilaide30duotianshijianli,dongtinghuyou650yilifangmidehongshuixucongchenglingjijinruzhangjiang。erzhangjiangzhongxiayoudiqudehubei、jiangxi、anhuidengsheng,tongshiyefashenglelishihanjiandahongshui,daozhichenglingjixiayoudeluoshan、hankoudengzhanyezhangqiweichigaohongshuiwei,dingtuodongtinghuhongshui,chenglingjiheduanshuiliu“yanzhongyongdu”。

BG真人chenglingjizhanshuiweizai6yue28ri18shiwei30.63mi,zhi7yue4ri18shidadao32.5midejingjieshuiweibingchengchixushangzhangtaishi。duanduan6tianshijian,haomiaodedongtinghushuiweizhengtishangzhang1.87mi。

二问: 洪水为何“只有”这么高

BG真人zaishengshuilitingshuihanzaihaifangyuchuchuzhangliuzhiqiangkanlai,ruguomeiyouduishuigongchengdekexue、jingzhundiaodu,jinniandedongtinghuhongshuihaihuigenggao。

BG真人huanjuhuashuo,jinniandedongtinghuhongshuiweihe“zhiyou”zheimegao?liuzhiqiangrenwei,woshengzhuyaodaxingshuikuxietongzhangjiangsanxiashuikulanhongxuefeng,youxiaojiangdiledongtinghuhongshuishuiwei。

zaifangyuzhangjiang1haohongshuideguochengzhong,sanxiashuikucong7yue6rizhi7yue12rigonglanxuhongshuiyue30yilifangmi。woshengzhuyaodaxingshuikuzecong6yue28riyilailanxuhongshui23.6yilifangmi。qizhong,jiangyashuiku、zaoshishuikuchixuweilishuiganliuxuefengcuofeng,jidahuanjielehuquliyangpingyuandefangxunyali;yuanshuiwuqiangxishuikulianhefengtanshuiku、tuokoushuikudengquanlilanhong,zaidongtinghushuiweixunsushangzhangdeguanjianshiqi,jiang26300lifangmimeimiaoderukuhongfeng,zhujixuejianzhi5000lifangmimeimiaodechukuliuliang,chixushijianda56xiaoshi;zishuizhexishuikuquanchengweikaizha,jintongguofadianliuliangdiaohong。

BG真人zaifangyuzhangjiang2haohongshuideguochengzhong,sanxiashuikulanxucilunhongshui65.7yilifangmi。mianduichixushijianzhangda18xiaoshide61000lifangmimeimiaoderukuhongfeng,sanxiashuikuzuidarijunxiaxieliuliangjin40000lifangmimeimiao。erhunanzaishengneijiangyukaishiqianjidiaodushuikushiduyuxie,zaiyinghongguochengzhongjiangshuikulanhongxuefengzuoyongfahuidaojizhi,7yue17rizhi23rizongjijianshaoruhuhongshui28yilifangmi。zaisanxiashuikuduizhangjiangganliuhongshuijinxingchongfendiaoxudeguochengzhong,woshengquanmiantongchoushengneigedaxingshuikuxietongsanxiashuikujinxinglianhediaodu,kongzhixiangziyuanlisishuiruhuliulianglianxu6tianxiaoyuzhangjiangsankouruhuliuliang,quanliyuzhangjianghongshuicuofeng。

zhangjiangfasheng3haohongshuiqijian,woshengxiangbei、xiangzhongdiquzaoyuqiangjiangyu。shengshuilitingdiaodusuoyouxiangguanshuiku、shuidianzhan,yimanzuxiayoushenghuo、shengtaisuobixudezuixiaochukuliuliangweibiaozhunyunxing,quanlilanhong、zhihong。jiezhi7yue30ri,wuqiangxi、zhexi、tuokou、shuifumiaodengshuikuyijiejinlanxuzhi“zaizhengchangyunxingqingkuangxiasuoxudaodezuigaoshuiwei”,chongfenfahuileshuikudelanhongzuoyong。

liuzhiqiangjieshao,6yue28riyilai,shengshuilitingxianhou87cidiaodushengneizhuyaodaxingshuiku,tongguofanfuliyongfanghongkurong,leijilanxuhongshui68yilifangmi。jingshuilibuzhangjiangshuiliweiyuanhuicesuan,woshengshuikuxietongsanxiashuikudiaodu,zaijinnianzhangjiangfashengsancibianhaohongshuiqijian,fenbiejiangdidongtinghuchenglingjizhanhongfengshuiwei0.8mi、1.7mi、0.6mi。

三问: 为何没有重大险情

BG真人suirandongtinghuyiweichigaohongshuiweiyu1geyue,danshizhenggehuqujiezhimuqianshangweifashengzhongdaxianqing,yuanyinhezai?

BG真人shengfangxunkanghanzhihuibuxiangguanfuzerenbiaoshi,zaishengwei、shengzhengfudejianqianglingdaoxia,xiangguangejidangzhengyibashouduifangxunjiuzaigongzuoji“guashuai”you“chuzheng”,dailingquanshengshangxiatebieshihuquganbuqunzhonglianxuzuozhan,jianchizhibanzhishou、xundichaxian,jizaofaxianwenti,bagezhongweixianhuajiezaimengyazhuangtai、chengzaizhiqian,jiang“renminzhishang、shengmingzhishang”deyaoqiuluodaoleshichu。

BG真人shengshuilitingtingzhangyanxuemaoshuo,jinnianlai,zaishuilibudedalizhichixia,shengwei、shengzhengfudailingquanshengrenminchixudaganshuili,buduanjiaqiangdongtinghudifangdengshuiligongchengjianshe,tongdengxunqingtiaojianxiahuqufashengdaxianqingdecishubiranzhubuxiajiang。tebieshizhongyangzhichihunanshishidongtinghuquerqizhili,jiaqiangledongtinghuqu11gezhongdianhuanhe24gexuhonghuandejianshe,youxiaotishenglehongshuifangyunengli。

来源:BG真人

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